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  Replacing a tap            

Make sure the water is turned off. Run the tap to make sure. (see section on turning off your water.)
One of most fiddly parts of this job is getting the old tap off which is held in place with a large back nut. This can be quite inaccessible. You may not be able to get an adjustable spanner in place or a 7inch footprint wrench so you may need to use a special tool to get this off. An adjustable basin wrench should cover most sizes. They can also be a bit seized up so its worth spraying them with WD40 which will help to release the nut.

Bath taps can be very tricky indeed. For a beginner you may be more advised to get a plumber in.

Sometimes with kitchen sinks I have on occasion found it easier to remove the sink to get better access to the tap!!

 

     
Basin wrench
  Adjustable basin wrench. Copes with most sizes  
                           
Mixer taps generally have a slightly different means of fixing. they use a metal collar and rubber washer held in place with a threaded shaft and nut(one or two depending on the brand) You'll need a small spanner to loosen/tighten this. Sometimes they also have a slot in the end of the nut which you can tighten with a long screwdriver. This can be quite tricky if you are in an awkward position. If you can't get a normal spanner on the nut try a box spanner.  
           
   
Box spanner 12 and 13 mm. Come in various sizes
         
Modern mono block mixer tap  


If you are replacing a tap with an exact match this will may the job easier as you won't have to worry about modifying the pipe work.

Single taps
Firstly unscrew the the nut holding the water pipe to the tap.
Next unscrew the back nut holding the tap to the sink/basin.
You should then be able to pull the old tap out.
Attach the new tap making sure its nice and tight. They should come with anti slip washers, or alternatively you could bed them in with a dab of silicon.

Mixer taps
Mixer taps with have solid copper pipe or flexible pipe tails approx. 12inches long. With a footprint wrench unscrew these from the water pipe.
Next unscrew the retaining nut which tightens against the metal holding collar.
The tap should then pull out.
When putting on the new tap fit the pipe tails to the tap first before attaching it to the sink. Its very difficult to tighten these with the tap in situ.

 

 

Dealing with variations in sizes of tap shaft lengths

If the pipe work to your old taps had flexible hose then fitting a new tap should be fairly straightforward. If you have solid copper pipes then unless your new taps are the same length it's going to be a bit more fiddly.
If it's a different tap you may find that the part where it connects to the pipe work is a little longer or shorter than the existing tap. This means you can't simply screw it back if your pipe work is solid copper pipe work.

An easy way to deal with this is use flexible hosing.

You need to shorten the copper pipe by at least six inches for the flexible pipe to fit in. This makes the job quite easy as you can attach the flexible hose to the tap before fitting the tap. Finally connect the flexible hose to the pipe work.

These flexible hoses come in various lengths and two diameters either for a 15mm. copper pipe work (kitchen and basin taps) or 22mm copper pipes (bath taps)

Flexible pipe. The one shown is 15mm. pipe compression fitting to 1/2inch tap screw fitting
   
 
                   
Cutting copper pipe
Use a junior hacksaw to cut the pipe to the length you need. NB if you use a this method make sure you then rub off any rough edges with some sand paper or emery paper
 
                   
                                 

An alternative is to buy a special pipe cutter. These are great. You simply clamp the cutter round the pipe and turn it until the pipe separates. It's really easy to use and you end up with a perfect cut with no sharp burrs as you do with a hacksaw so it's ready for your compression fitting.
They are also very compact so can be used in very confined spaces like under a sink and when installing a Miele dishwasher or washing machine.

 
                                     
  To fit the hose to the pipe work firstly make sure the pipe has no sharp edges. File or sand off any burrs then clean up the end with some wire wool.
The flexible pipe fitting come with push on fittings or compression joints. The push fit type simply pushes onto the pipe. (make sure you push it firmly into place as far as it will go).
 
                                     
 


Compression fitting

The compression fitting require a couple of spanners, or a spanner and footprint wrench. Put the nut of the compression joint onto the end of the pipe, then push the "olive" ring onto the end of the pipe
.


 

 

 

Next push the body of the hose on to the pipe and screw it up with the nut. Use spanners or mole grips and wrench to tighten up the nut. As you tighten it up the brass "olive" is compressed and creates a water tight seal. Make sure you get the nuts nice and tight.

     
                 
                   

Push fit connectors

These are even easier to use though are generally a little more expensive. Make sure the pipe has no sharp edges. These work best when you've used the special pipe cutting tool shown above rather than a hack saw. Make sure the pipe is fully pushed into the fitting or it will leak.

Flexible pipes
These are very handy for making quick and easy job rather having to messing about with your rigid copper pipes. If you decide to use them just make sure you get the right type as the ends will vary depending on the pipe size(15mm or 22mm) and also how it attaches

There are quite a few to choose from e.g. tap to pipe, pipe to pipe
Also, the end will be different depending on if it's for a mixer or normal tap.
And, you can choose between push fit or compression fitting.
So be careful when buying you get the correct one for you

       
15mm. pipe to pipe (compression fitting)
mixer tap to 15mm. pipe(compression)
1/2 inch tap to 15mm. pipe (compression)
   
 
1/2 inch tap to 15mm. pipe (push fit)